Energy choices play a key role in defining an economy’s growth trajectory as well its emissions intensity. An increasing reliance on cleaner sources of energy will over time drive a country on to a low-carbon development pathway. Over the years, India’s energy needs have grown considerably, which has also increased India’s dependence on imported energy. There now exist a complex set of factors that influence India’s energy security such as, among others, economic viability, accessibility and reliability of supply and environmental sustainability. In this context, In this context, Shakti commissioned the development of an India Energy Security Index, with the goal of providing an objective assessment of India’s current and future energy security landscape.