Technology start-ups across the country have begun to aggregate privately-owned buses to provide “on-demand” transport services and can potentially help in meeting the unmet public transport demand. This policy brief reviews the regulatory amendments needed to introduce these services to complement the state-run city bus systems and not compete with them. It was presented at the first ‘Talking Transit’ workshop under this project and stakeholder feedback has been incorporated.
Indian cities currently tax public transport modes more than cars and two-wheelers. The nature and amount of existing tax structures for bus manufacturing, procurement and deployment prohibit the development of city bus systems. This report analyses barriers that exist within the tax structures in various states and proposes recommendations on the tax incentives required to promote city bus systems.
This report provides a framework to review the Comprehensive Mobility Plans (CMPs) developed by the cities and assess if they promote sustainable transport systems.
This report documents the regulatory practices adopted in Kolkata Metropolitan Region towards integration of Intermediate Public Transport (IPT) with other modes of transport. It also details the role of various stakeholders- regulators, service providers and users that are key to IPT systems in Kolkata.
Detailed project report on design, planning and implementation of Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) System in Dwarka sub-city, Delhi. The DPR include details on data collection and analysis, travel demand assessment, feasibility analysis, technical specifications for bicycles, stations, docks, terminals and streets and intersections, financial and operational models and an implementation plan.
Detailed project report on design, planning and implementation of Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) System in South Delhi. The DPR include details on data collection and analysis, travel demand assessment, feasibility analysis, technical specifications for bicycles, stations, docks, terminals and streets and intersections, financial and operational models and an implementation plan.
The report is a detailed analysis of five sustainable urban transport projects that have the highest potential for successful Public Private Partnership (PPP) arrangements. These projects are: city bus operations, bus terminals, Intelligent Transport Systems, Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) Schemes and street infrastructure. The report details out the key enablers and disablers that are likely to influence the success of PPP in these projects under the following areas: policy and institutional, planning and design, contractual arrangements and project implementation. Based on the analysis, the report proposes PPP models for each project category and detailed action-oriented recommendations for their successful implementation. Each proposed PPP model is backed by a feasibility analysis including financial feasibility, operational efficiency and the rules and responsibility of both the public and private sector under the PPP model.
Land use policies and development control regulations adopted by a city have a significant impact on its mobility patterns. Development plans that limit population densities within city boundaries by imposing limits on built up areas, cause city to sprawl to accommodate the land requirements of a rapidly growing city population. Sprawls lead to increased trip lengths, higher usage of private vehicles and consequently higher transport induced emissions in a city. While most of Indian cities are following this trend, few cities have realised these impacts and have made revisions to their development plans to allow for higher densities and built up areas within city limits.
Accordingly, this report presents how the existing city planning processes followed by many cities have led to developments that discourage sustainable transport behaviour and argues for integrating land use and transportation for achieving sustainable urbanisation. The report also documents the land use policies, development control regulations and their impact on transport demand management in case cities of Pune, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Ahmedabad and Delhi. The report captures Geographic Information System (GIS) based travel demand modelling for the city of Rajkot to test and compare the advantages and disadvantages of the land use policies in these five cities.
The report presents a detailed analysis of existing practices and challenges faced by operating agencies in 12 cities of varying population size, geographical location and type of the city bus system. Recommendations are proposed in six key intervention areas: i) strategic planning, ii) technology improvement, iii) operational processes, iv) bus transport infrastructure, v) institutional and contracting frameworks and vi) funding and implementation. Each recommendation under these intervention areas is accompanied by the timelines for adoption and implementation, the resource requirements and institutional roles and responsibilities.