With close to 250 million Indians not connected to the discom grid or able to reliably access electricity, DRE-based minigrids are an effective solution to meet citizens’ electricity needs. Shakti supported Okapi Research and Advisory to identify solutions for integrating minigrids with the utility grid. Minigrids can provide clean and reliable power using locally available resources.
India must encourage diversification of its power portfolio with clean, flexible and efficient resources. One resource that meets all these characteristics is natural gas. Despite this, natural gas constitutes only 6% of our primary energy supply. Newer applications could create more sustained demand segments for natural gas, providing clear signals to investors/ developers for boosting gas availability and infrastructure. This study examines the feasibility of shifting industrial and commercial energy applications to natural gas.
This report provides a detailed analysis of the financing needs of off-grid enterprises across various stages and business models, taking into account the needs of important stakeholders such as off-grid energy access enterprises, product manufacturers, and micro and minigrid players. The report also presents the challenges faced by enterprises in raising capital from the traditional source of finance sources and highlights the need for alternate financing facilities. In an attempt to close this gap, the report draws upon international research and intensive stakeholder analysis, to design and present alternate financing solutions for off-grid enterprises.
The lack of performance data from enterprises can lead to incomplete evaluation by financing institutions. This, in turn, leads to limited capital being unlocked for off-grid enterprises. To overcome these challenges, this report analyses the gaps in evaluating and monitoring performance, and also presents a comprehensive tool for Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) framework for the off-grid sector. It also provides information regarding the approach to be followed for development of a M&E tool and handbook.
The report summarizes all the forum meetings and also provides synopsis' of each meeting that has been held since the start of the program.
The paper prepared for discussion in the eleventh Forum meeting discussed both established and emerging smart grid technologies and their systems, their key DSM functionalities and its applications. The paper revolves around a central theme that intelligently planned smart grid systems integrated with DSM and energy efficiency as central goals will have tremendous potential to save energy, manage peak demand, optimize costs, and reap benefits for consumers, Discoms and society as whole. It concludes by providing recommendations for Governments, utilities and regulatory authorities to emphasize their role in advancing smart grid technologies that can boost the DSM potential in the country.
This paper on ‘identifying the synergies between DSM and the ongoing electricity reforms in India’ has been developed for the tenth Forum meeting. The discussion paper attempts to reinforce the role and significance of DSM in India’s electricity, energy conservation and climate change reforms. It highlights the important synergies between DSM and ongoing electricity reforms (viz. Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana, National Tariff Policy Amendments 2016, Electricity Amendment Bill 2014, Draft National Renewable Energy Act 2015 and Power for All), energy conservation reforms (viz. Perform Achieve and Trade) and climate change reforms (viz. India’s INDC commitments for COP21 in Paris) and emphasise on how DSM can accelerate these reforms.
The eleventh Forum meeting was organised on August 5th to brainstorm on smart grid enabled DSM solutions. The meeting saw presentations on smart grid history, communication challenges related to advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), Auto Demand Response and a case study by Tata Consultancy Services. In the last session of the meeting, Shakti and its partner Deloitte presented the findings emanating from a study wherein 17 Discoms were interviewed about their perceptions on solar rooftop, and proposed solutions.