This report presents a set of recommendations that are a combination of lean-mean-green strategies for space cooling for different stakeholders. These are based on key space cooling elements in buildings design & cooling technology, codes & standards, and market transformation through the use of energy efficient and environmentally sustainable cooling strategies and technologies.
IT equipment in government establishments and Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) consumed approximately 2.2 billion kWh in FY14. This is expected to increase to 2.36 billion kWh in FY19. This report has captured the current ICT procurement practices followed by government establishments and Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs). It has highlighted the need for energy efficiency based ICT procurement and includes policy recommendations on public procurement of energy efficient IT products in government agencies and PSUs. An IT procurement tool was also developed under this project.
This report assesses national policies pertaining to resource efficiency in the urban built environment and their linkages in four thematic areas of energy, water, transport and land. Currently under the aegis of multiple governance structures – the report identifies 27 policies enforced by 6 different ministries and the various instruments of urban planning at which these policies are applicable. This complexity highlights the need to align targets and goals of various policies with appropriate governance structures and policy instruments to enable effective implementation.
Report gives comprehensive overview of the capabilities and requirement of major State Designated Agencies (SDAs) in India. Report tries to identify the various statuary powers conferred to SDAs in EC Act 2001 & further it details roles and responsibilities of SDAs with respect to PAT and MTEE schemes. Also, report briefly analyzes various interventions made by SDAs towards the implementation of PAT & MTEE in the respective states. Lastly report gives recommendation for effective implementation of various initiatives and draft capacity building plans for various SDAs.
ICF International has conducted a detailed technical and economic analysis of design options for improving the energy efficiency of existing refrigerators in India for this study, with an aim to help optimize the impacts of policy actions on energy efficiency, while providing maximum benefits to energy consumers and also conform to the reality of the market and needs of supply chain industry.
About 12 percent of the energy used in buildings in India would be saved if all commercial and residential buildings were shifted to LED lighting. This was revealed in a report commissioned by Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation which assessed the amount of energy that can be saved by replacing inefficient lighting by LEDs in both the commercial as well as residential sectors.
The study calculated that in residential buildings, 46% of the current lighting stock is accounted by CFLs followed by other florescent lamps (41%) and incandescent lamps (13%). In the commercial buildings 63.7% is accounted by CFLs followed by other fluorescent lamps (34.6%) and incandescent lamps (1.6%). With complete market transformation in the present day‟s scenario, the annual energy savings potential and GHG reductions are estimated to the tune of 29,850 GWh and 25.6 million tcO2 respectively.
Pricewaterhouse Coopers who carried out the study developed a model to analyse the future of Indian lighting market. The model which took into consideration the variations in critical lighting parameters like efficacy, price, useful life etc. and competition among conventional technologies forecasted that between 2016 and 2021 the price reductions and efficacy improvements anticipated in the LED technology will bring down the relative payback periods with respect to the conventional technologies to less than three years.
The model also predicted that by 2021 the LED technology will penetrate 57% of the lighting market Final Report LED Demand Aggregation Study Page 6 of 82 in commercial buildings where as it will capture only 32% of the market in the residential buildings. By 2031 more than 80% of the lighting market will be captured in both the building categories. The findings of this model are based on Empirical frameworks which assume that market penetration is solely driven by the economics of transactions (payback periods).