This policy brief assesses the decisions taken at Kigali and its long-term implications for India. It highlights the key challenges which India may face to fulfil its commitments under the Kigali Amendment. It also discusses some emerging opportunities in the area of energy efficiency that emerge from phasing down the use of HFCs.
The policy brief highlights key challenges surrounding the HFC phase down such as the uncertainties related to the cost of this transition and the availability of alternate low-GWP refrigerant gases to replace HFCs. It also discusses the emerging opportunities to increase energy-efficiency gains by transitioning to HFC alternatives.
Policy and regulatory measures at central and state levels, coupled with an effective
technology delivery system linked with access to finance, can play a crucial role
in the dissemination of Zigzag-firing technology. This report advances the case of zig-zag firing technology as a cleaner alternative to conventional and more polluting fixed chimney bull trench kiln technology for brick making.
The report provides an analysis of India's Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission estimates across key emission intensive sectors namely Energy, Industry, Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry, and Land-use and Land-use Change and Waste, for the years 2007 to 2012. The report also documents sector wise trend analysis and existing policy interventions to mitigate emissions from these sectors.
An analysis of the factors which led to Delhi experiencing one of its worst smog episodes in recent years in November of 2016 has been documented in this report. The report suggests source wise action status and a detailed plan of action for Delhi to combat the worsening air quality in the city.
The manual prepared by experts explains the design, construction and operation of cleaner brick kiln technologies like high draught zigzag kilns, natural draught zigzag kilns, vertical shaft brick kilns etc. The manual is a means to provide technical assistance to brick kiln entrepreneurs of the Patna district in Bihar to shift to cleaner technologies to manufacture bricks.
The report is a comprehensive assessment of the existing laws, regulations and policies, at the central and state level, related to preventing, abating and controlling air pollution in India. It critically examines the legal framework and highlights some of its gaps and loopholes after an in-depth analysis of the legal text and consultations with legal experts, practitioners and regulators. The report draws attention to some of the relevant issues like compliance and accountability which are presently hindering progress to achieve national ambient air quality standards in Indian cities. Recommendations which suggest improvement in the legal framework are also included in the report.
Reliable and adequate access to real time air quality data is important to enable action to curb air pollution and build the case for improving air quality of India cities.The advent of affordable and easy to deploy air quality monitors presents an opportunity to address this important data gap.The report evaluates the current status of air quality monitoring in India and the institutional capacity of the apex monitoring agency, the Central Pollution Control Board. The report further assesses the potential of upcoming, alternative technologies like the low cost air quality monitors, to fill the exiting data gap and inform policy and public opinion on issues related to air pollution.
Indian cities need to follow well planned air quality management strategies to meet clean air targets.The Centre for Science and Environment developed a dynamic tool to assess the adequacy of air quality management strategies in Indian cities based on some simple but comprehensive set of indicators.The tool is intended to be used by regulators and relevant public agencies to take requisite steps for mitigation.The report documents the assessment of action and progress across 10 major Indian cities.