Sector Climate Policy
Grantee Council on Energy, Environment and Water, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
Grantee base All India
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), developed to replace ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), are used as refrigerants in air-conditioners and refrigerators, and in industrial processes as solvents and foaming agents. While they do not impact the ozone layer, HFCs are greenhouse gases (GHGs) with high global warming potential (GWP). Therefore an increasing shift towards HFCs across sectors will further contribute to climate change. There has been limited understanding on the implications that an HFC phase-down holds for India, particularly in terms of availability and use of HFC alternatives, process changes, costs and timelines. This collaborative study between the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) aims to generate much needed knowledge on these issues.
Using the the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) and Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies (GAINS) model, the study will build a few scenarios that assess the consequences of action versus inaction on the part of India in phasing-down HFCs and on account of policy developments on HFC use internationally. This will enable a more informed domestic discourse in India on the GHG reduction potential, economic cost, and market implications of transitioning away from high GWP HFCs under alternative reduction pathways and the available policy options for facilitating this transition.