Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are a group of industrial refrigerants that are potent greenhouse gases (GHGs) with a high global warming potential (GWP). HFCs were developed to replace CFCs and HCFCs, which are potent GHGs as well as Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS). With the demand for cooling equipment set to rise dramatically in India, the unrestricted use of HFCs in India could significantly increase the country’s climate footprint. At the same time, there exists a huge potential to reduce HFC emissions through the adoption of low-GWP HFC alternatives, though many of the alternatives are not fully commercialised yet. Shakti is supporting efforts to address technology, regulatory, cost and market related challenges to facilitate an HFC phase down, particularly considering the timelines agreed under the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.
- Short-lived Climate Pollutants
- Low-Carbon Development
- Air Pollution
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India recently commenced stage II of the HCFC Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP-II) under the Montreal Protocol. As part of the Plan, India seeks to phase out the consumption of HCFC-141b by 2020. HCFCs are primarily used in the foam sector as a blowing agent. While most large-scale foam manufacturers in India have been able to shift to alternate...Read more
In October 2016, India along with nearly 200 other countries adopted an agreement in Kigali, Rwanda to phase down the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). India agreed to move forward its proposed freeze year by three years from 2031 to 2028 and its proposed baseline by four years from 2028-2030 to 2024-2026. Efforts facilitated by Shakti have...Read more