Indian cities are urbanizing at an unprecedented pace. In the next two decades, India’s urban population is expected to increase significantly, from 377 million in 2011 to 590 million by 2030. This population boom will stress an already-pressured urban infrastructure system, especially with regard to transportation. More than 70% of India’s infrastructure needs of 2030 are yet to be built; therefore, it is important to proactively address the design of current and future urban transport infrastructure to avoid long term emission lock in. This fact – coupled with increasing air pollution, the alarming rate of traffic fatalities, and congestion – has created a sense of urgency to develop cities, particularly transport infrastructure in a more sustainable manner.
Against this backdrop, Shakti's transport programme helps cities develop evidence-based sustainable urban transport policies, with a focus on a) expanding usage of public and non-motorized transport modes and b) promoting the adoption of fuel and emission economy standards for new and in use vehicles.
The urban population in India has increased from 62 million in 1951 to 285 million in 2001 and is estimated to grow to around 590 million by the year 2030.
India is the sixth largest producer of passenger vehicles in the world. Car sales are increasing by leaps and bounds and have surged ahead of bigger markets like China, Brazil, and Europe.