Rapid urbanization has made sustainable urban transport an urgent development priority. Indian cities are expected to grow from 377 million in 2011 to 600 million by 2030. These cities must provide services to residents and deal with overburdened roads. The transport sector is already the second largest consumer of primary energy. It is a leading contributor to air pollution in the country. With cities poised to invest in infrastructure that will last for decades, huge opportunities lie to develop sustainable transport systems. This can avoid a lock-in of emission and energy intensive development patterns.

Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation supports the design and implementation of policies that can build sustainable transportation systems. Our work towards focuses on: better transport policies in cities, improved vehicle and fuel efficiency and energy efficient freight.



With an urban population of over 377 million people—and growing quickly—India faces distinct challenges in delivering sustainable urban mobility…
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Vehicles & Fuels


India is the sixth largest producer of passenger vehicles in the world. Car sales are rapidly increasing and have surged ahead of bigger…
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Although the freight fleet accounts for only five percent of the total vehicles in India, it contributes disproportionately to fuel use (around 55%)…
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Showing 11 to 15 of 20 entries

Inspection and Maintenance Program for In-Use Vehicles in India

Sector: Transport Undertaken By : The Energy and Resource Institute Year: 2016

The transport sector is a significant contributor to air pollution in urban areas. Research has shown that poorly maintained and older vehicles are responsible for a major share of pollution in cities. Therefore, the management of India's in-use vehicle fleet is an important step for the control of vehicular emissions. The Inspection and...Read more

Improving the Fuel Efficiency of Vehicles

Sector: Transport Undertaken By : PricewaterhouseCoopers Year: 2016

Deteriorating air quality in Indian cities is a growing and serious concern. A major cause of this is the increasing emissions from the rapidly growing transport sector. Substantially improving vehicle efficiency has the potential to reduce emmissions as well as enhance energy and enrionment security.

Analysing the Role of Intermediate Public Transport in Kolkata

Sector: Transport Undertaken By : Centre for Policy Research Year: 2015

The limited reach of public transport systems in cities has led to the emergence of informal privatised services such as the Intermediate Public Transport (IPT). These services provide shared transport services along predetermined routes through modes like three wheeled auto-rickshaws. In Kolkata, IPT modes have been mainstreamed into the...Read more

Public Bicycle Sharing Schemes in Delhi

Sector: Transport Undertaken By : Centre for Green Mobility Year: 2015

Non-motorized transport modes such as walking and cycling provide first and last mile connectivity to and from public transit systems. But given the lack of good NMT infrastructure, people avoid public transport and instead prefer to use private vehicles. It is here that Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) systems can serve as an alternative for...Read more

Promoting Integrated Land Use-Transport Planning

Sector: Transport Undertaken By : Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT) Year: 2015

Land use policies and development control regulations adopted by a city have a significant impact on its mobility patterns. Development plans that limit population densities within city boundaries by imposing limits on built up areas, cause city to sprawl to accommodate the land requirements of a rapidly growing city population.

Showing 11 to 15 of 20 entries