Rapid urbanization has made sustainable urban transport an urgent development priority. Indian cities are expected to grow from 377 million in 2011 to 600 million by 2030. These cities must provide services to residents and deal with overburdened roads. The transport sector is already the second largest consumer of primary energy. It is a leading contributor to air pollution in the country. With cities poised to invest in infrastructure that will last for decades, huge opportunities lie to develop sustainable transport systems. This can avoid a lock-in of emission and energy intensive development patterns.
Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation supports the design and implementation of policies that can build sustainable transportation systems. Our work towards focuses on: better transport policies in cities, improved vehicle and fuel efficiency and energy efficient freight.
With an urban population of over 377 million people—and growing quickly—India faces distinct challenges in delivering sustainable urban mobility…
Vehicles & Fuels
India is the sixth largest producer of passenger vehicles in the world. Car sales are rapidly increasing and have surged ahead of bigger…
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Shakti supported the development of an evaluation criteria based on which transport projects can be evaluated for compliance with principles of sustainable transport and then funded accordingly.
Signalised road intersections in Indian cities are hotspots of vehicular emissions and poor air quality as inappropriate signal timing cycles increase delays and vehicle idling at intersections. Improving efficiency of traffic signals to handle traffic can reduce vehicular emissions at signalised intersections by 20-30% in most situations.
Heavy Duty Vehicles (HDVs) comprise only 8 percent of the total vehicle fleet in India but consume nearly 38 percent of the total diesel consumed in the country and contribute approximately 60 percent of the total carbon dioxide emissions from the transport sector. Given that the HDV sector will grow massively in the next few years, Shakti is...Read more
Bus fuel efficiency can be improved by detecting and replacing old and worn bus components that are responsible for more fuel consumption and higher emissions. This is best done through a preventive maintenance regime for bus fleets which includes planned inspection and maintenance activities.
The fuel consumption of a bus depends on both technical and operational parameters such as vehicle design, driver behaviour, maintenance practices, road conditions and traffic patterns. From these, the quickest and the most cost-effective way to achieve better fuel efficiency, particularly in case of existing fleets, is through improved driver...Read more