The urban population in India has increased from 62 million in 1951 to 285 million in 2001 and is estimated to grow to around 590 million by 2030. Transportation infrastructure, the key to any urban economy, is also slated to grow at a related pace. This can result in a huge demand on our energy reserves and therein is the case for the states to have their own State Urban Transport Policies (SUTPs) based on principles of sustainable transportation.
These principles aim to reduce travel time and pollution by focusing on good alternatives to private vehicles. A State Urban Transport Policy will ensure that all cities within the state follow the principles of sustainable transport and give scale to the implementation of such projects.
To facilitate the creation of SUTPs, the Shakti programme is focusing on the development and adoption of State Urban Transport Policies and creating an enabling environment at the national level through instruments such as the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal mission (JNNURM), National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) and National Mission on Sustainable Habitats (NMSH). The programme is also demonstrating sustainability principles through city level pilots and supporting the creation of a strong implementing environment.