In the next two decades, India is expected to experience significant economic and population growth: it is expected to be home to approximately 1.5 billion people and will surpass China as the world's most populous country. And during that same period, India will add substantially to its physical assets including infrastructure, vehicles, industries and urban habitats. To accommodate this growth and meet its aggressive goals for poverty alleviation and human development, India needs to significantly increase its energy supply. At Shakti, we work to strengthen the energy security of the country by aiding the design and implementation of policies that encourage energy efficiency as well as renewable energy.


The Power programme
prioritises key cross-cutting policy
themes – investments in utility-led energy efficiency, mainstreaming renewable energy and energy access:


The Efficiency Efficiency programme works in support of the government’s National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE). It is predicted that NMEEE will help achieve total avoided capacity addition of 19,598 MW, attain fuel savings of 23 million tons per year, and reduce greenhouse gases by 98.55 million tons per year. The subsectors within this specific area are:


The Transport programme works to encourage urban, mass transport systems as well as fuel economy standards. Therefore the two important areas that Shakti focuses on, to provide policy support, are:


The Climate Policy programme seeks to promote India’s proactive engagement in finding solutions to climate change locally and globally. In addition, it is currently focusing on developing and implementing sector-specific strategies for reducing Non-CO2 forcer emissions in India.

Energy Efficiency
Climate Policy
  • Bus Karo: A forum for public transport policy advocacy and knowledge sharing

    Shakti is supporting WRI-India to create a forum comprising of State Transport Undertakings (STUs), city bus agencies and a few private bus operators to deliberate on key technical issues that hinder the development of city bus systems.>>

  • Policy research

    India must progress its climate actions in harmony with achieving its development priorities. A wide spectrum of policy choices are available, however, their institutional, financial and technical implications as well as trade-offs and co-benefits need to be thoroughly evaluated and understood so that policymakers are able take informed decisions.>>

  • Policy analysis to inform India’s position on an HFC phase down agreement

    At Kigali, India displayed leadership and flexibility by announcing several important measures to phase down HFCs. Given this important development, Shakti is supporting several efforts to enable a more informed policy discourse on this transition.>>

  • Brick kilns & resource efficient materials

    Shakti supports efforts to promote cleaner technologies by brick makers and to enhance the market penetration of cleaner and resource efficient building materials.>>

  • International climate negotiations

    A close tracking of international climate negotiations is essential to assess their implications for India. For this, Shakti supports activities to track international climate deliberations and inform decision makers on the actions that India should take to effectively deliver on its climate commitments.>>